“It was like an earthquake returning literature to its foundation.”

5 poets came together to start the Neo-avant-garde movement in order to create a new definition of literature. The clash of two definitions started a revolution in literary style, focusing on the individual’s own language. Poems were created in order to be restructured, to cut them apart and leave them in disarray or to put the pieces back together like a puzzle up to the readers’ own interpretation. The Neo-avant-garde literary revolution sparked the reconstruction of not only poem’s structures, but also power structures in Italy. This spark was ignited by the original intent to simply reconsider the structure of literature as a way to change the world. They were structured in a way to force the reader to question everything and come up with their own interpretations based on their initial stream of consciousness. Poets used descriptions of animals, God, and the environment to reference human nature. For example, Ungaretti wrote a poem about soldiers, writing that they are “like leaves on trees in autumn” and Petrarch writes about women as “clear, sweet fresh water.” These examples exemplify gender stereotypes during this time, such as the common gender association of nature as “Mother”. The Neo-avant-garde movement was male dominated explaining why nature was frequently depicted as the enemy during this period.

In explaining the above quote, one could say that this earthquake fragmented not only the literature of the time, but the world and cultural identifications as well. The returning foundation could be referencing the piecing of the world/words back together by the individual, based on one’s own interpretation.