An Open Letter from Dr. Daniel Berman and Rabbi Dr. Aaron Glatt
The Corona Virus causes Covid-19, a very dangerous and contagious infection, far more dangerous and contagious than the flu (influenza). Not only individuals with pre-existing conditions are vulnerable. Anyone over age fifty, although robust and healthy, is vulnerable to potentially life-threatening complications. Additionally, as the Corona Virus continues r”l to (over)tax our healthcare system, we face the catastrophic prospect of not being able to provide life-saving treatment. This shortage would affect all patients with all serious conditions, not only those infected with the virus. The following sentence is difficult to fathom because no one alive today has ever experienced anything of this sort. Nonetheless, it is abundantly clear: We are currently confronted by communal sakonas nefoshos (danger to life) of the highest order.
Communal gatherings have contributed to the explosive, exponential spread of the Corona Virus. Accordingly, at the present time any communal activity or gathering in any venue is highly dangerous and literally, potentially life-threatening.
Dr. Daniel Berman
Rabbi Dr. Aaron Glatt
Psak Halachah from HoRav Hershel Schachter shlit”a
The mitzvah to safeguard and preserve life overrides all mitzvos haTorah. It is not a midas chassidus to ignore saconas nefoshos. On the contrary, it is expressly and strictly forbidden. In the words of the Ba’alei ha Tosfos “domov be-rosho”; such an individual is culpable for any loss of life r”l that ensues.
In light of expert medical opinion regarding the current catastrophic danger, the following measures are halachically required and must be adhered to by all.
- Everyone should daven privately (be-yechedus). No minyonim should be formed in any venue.
- Weddings should be celebrated with a quorum of ten, no more (minyan m’tzumtzom).
- Brisin should be performed and celebrated without a quorum of ten (minyan).
- Funerals r”l must also be curtailed to a bare quorum of ten.
- Bar and Bas Mitzvah celebrations should be postponed.
- Yeshivos should be closed immediately
In the merit of the sacred mitzvah of attempting to preserve and protect life and our teshuvah (repentance), both communal and individual, may HKB”H (the Holy One, blessed be He) send the yeshuah (salvation).
Rav Hershel Schachter