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Will you waver over the same tough decision 20 years later? Cognitive dissonance is wove into the aging story.

November 13th, 2022 No comments

Do older adults more often feel relieved than younger people? You may sometimes have similar questions in your mind. Imagine this scenario: when you commute to work, you catch a glimpse of a couple of elders sitting on rocking chairs in their backyards as if the hustle and bustle of the world no longer matter to them. Your guess is partially correct. As people get older, they seem to live light-hearted lives because they have mastered regulating their emotions positively. Nevertheless, people indeed face hurdles in their lives regardless of age. When people hold inconsistent cognitions in their minds, they experience a state of mental discomfort called cognitive dissonance. Cognitive dissonance refers to the perception of contradictory information in one’s actions, beliefs, and thoughts. For example, smokers are likely to experience cognitive dissonance because their smoking behavior runs against the common concept that nicotine harms their health. Likewise, people usually experience cognitive dissonance in making difficult decisions because people need to justify their choice as the better one even though they value both options equally. The discrepancy between behavior and belief creates uncomfortable feelings, which motivate people to change their attitudes or behaviors to reduce the unease dissonance experience. 

People incline to comforting lies to resolve their cognitive dissonance. Picture is taken from

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Categories: Aging Tags: ,

What do you really see from Tarot — the Fast and Slow Processes of Your Mind Explains

April 29th, 2022 No comments

Let’s picture a tarot scenario: you drop by a covert room to find someone who can read tarot cards. The person wearing a dark veil asks you to keep a question in your mind. Then, you are asked to pull three cards from the card deck after shuffling and the card reader will show you the spread (the card formation). The next step is to stay calm and wait for the tarot reader to tell you the tarot’s divine messages. Assuming the three cards are The Tower (Arcanum XVI), The Star (Arcanum XVII), and The Lovers (Arcanum VI). The tarot reader might check the reference book and translate the tarot result into the understandable language to address your concern. For example, the Lover indicates that you are uncertain about making an important decision; the Star represents your willingness to change; the Tower is a sign of an ambiguous state you are currently in. You might find these card readings are strikingly accurate but you cannot tell any scientific support for the phenomenon. The tarot scene you just imagined is one type of superstitious behavior prevalent today. Superstition penetrates your daily life in various forms that you may or may not even realize. Wearing lucky socks endows people with good charm in games or exams. For some people, the black cat is reckoned to bring bad luck as people encounter it. Superstition is not the byproduct of illiteracy or feudalism. The trick is that rational beings choose to believe in the improbable. What drives an educated person with a stable emotional state to superstitious practice is an intriguing topic to explore.
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Categories: Uncategorized Tags: ,