Alpha Rho Upsilon, Bowdoin <em>Bugle</em> (1948)
In 1946, Bowdoin students founded the fraternity Alpha Rho Upsilon. They chose the letters ARU to stand for “All Races United.” The fraternity was founded with the goal of giving Jews and Blacks their own group so that they would feel accepted. Bowdoin’s student newspaper, however, observed that the formation of ARU merely enabled the other fraternities to continue engaging in antisemitic discrimination. Its editors demanded that all fraternities accept Jewish students as members, which they eventually did.
Courtesy of Bowdoin College Library