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Research Paper Proposal

The topic that I will be researching for my paper is the relationship between technology and society throughout time and how that relationship has shaped the nature of humans and our current society today. The questions I will consider are a.) How has the relationship between humans and technology changed over time? and b.) Has the increasing presence of technology impacted humans/society positively or negatively? My intention is to look for patterns in history where innovations in technology and science have caused a significant change in humans’ perception of the world and whether or not that change has been beneficial to society or harmful to society. This topic directly relates to STS because it questions society’s reaction to changes in science technology and how this has been an issue present throughout history, even though it is not entirely overt. I believe this is an important topic to consider because while technology has undoubtedly many benefits, such as increasing efficiency, prolonging health, and overall an improvement in ease of living, there are hidden negatives of technology that are often overlooked. Additionally, this topic also covers how the definition of technology has changed throughout time. While the issue of technological reliance has been present throughout history, technology in the sixteenth century looks very different from technology today, and recognizing that is vital; that recognition teaches us how fluid and ever changing technology truly is. Finding a pattern of the impacts of technological innovations throughout history can help the human race to avoid becoming too reliant on technology.

My plan for constructing my essay is to work chronologically, starting with the debate between geocentrism and heliocentrism which involved astronomers such as Aristotle and Copernicus. Then, I will move through history, looking at a multitude of the subjects we covered in class, moving on to Darwin and the theory of evolution, while still focusing on how this advancement in science affected society as a whole. I will then elaborate on the Scientific Revolution, using sources such as Scientific Revolution by Steven Shapin to gain insight on how the Scientific Revolution was perceived at the time by the general public. I will also discuss the societal effect of Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, as it was a timeless novel that focused on the dangers of technology, an issue that is still present today. I also plan on researching and describing the effects of the assembly line, a movement in the early 20th century that forever affected production and the qualifications of a worker. After that, I will talk about scientific advancements/dilemmas we face today, like space travel, ageing, and more. I will use the source, or a source similar to, Science, Technology, and the Ageing Society by Tiago Moreira to learn more about ethical problems created by technology. Finally, I will conclude the paper by forming a pattern based on everything I discussed previously in the paper. I intend on using that pattern to point out a common theme between all of the technological advancements mentioned, thus forming a strong argument for why scientific innovations can become harmful.

Science Communication: The Coexistence of Science and Literature

The introduction of technology in the twenty-first century has undoubtedly led to the domination of science in all aspects of society. Our everyday lives have been characterized and revolutionized by these technological advancements. Tools like smartphones and smartwatches have fulfilled our biggest needs and desires, making our lives easier, better and more enjoyable. But does this dominance present as a threat to other realms, such as literature, which were once highly regarded as an integral part of society?

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The Two Cultures

In C.P. Snow’s The Two Cultures, he explains and describes the gap that lies between the sciences and humanities. I personally agree that there is a gap and that the two things are very much separate. Science and the humanities are very different, the ideas, concept, the way we think about the two subject matters are on opposite sides of the spectrum. They are both specialties in which people can excel at however in history you would have never seen a famous scientist converse ideas and new thoughts with a historian.  Continue reading


Snow’s The Two Cultures proposes the idea of the scientific sphere and the humanities being consistently divided, more so in Britain.  He argues that rather than just focusing on the humanities, both cultures should be equally favored in order to produce a society that is better equipped to solve the world’s problems.

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Darwin’s Long Lasting Impact

Darwin’s impact shows the impact that science can have on the way that people think. As we look back on history, we look to certain notable thinkers who revolutionized the time period they were living in. Martin Luther inspired the Reformation. Galileo and others brought on the scientific revolution. John Locke contributed to the Enlightenment. All of these people helped to change the way people in their field thought about the subject. Darwin’s theory of evolution, however, sparked a change in all of society. His studies of biology helped to explain the world around us like never before. Continue reading

Darwinism’s Effect on Society

The development of Darwinism changed the general thinking of the world, while unlocking the truth behind both Earth and life. Beforehand the western world had a general consensus that God was the creator of life and that we were made in his image. The idea that humans are actually descendants of apes was greatly criticized at first, but the discovery of evolution in both humans and other organisms has been proven. Continue reading

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