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Category: 07. 10/17 Research Proposal (Page 2 of 2)

Research Paper Proposal

The topic that I will be researching for my paper is the relationship between technology and society throughout time and how that relationship has shaped the nature of humans and our current society today. The questions I will consider are a.) How has the relationship between humans and technology changed over time? and b.) Has the increasing presence of technology impacted humans/society positively or negatively? My intention is to look for patterns in history where innovations in technology and science have caused a significant change in humans’ perception of the world and whether or not that change has been beneficial to society or harmful to society. This topic directly relates to STS because it questions society’s reaction to changes in science technology and how this has been an issue present throughout history, even though it is not entirely overt. I believe this is an important topic to consider because while technology has undoubtedly many benefits, such as increasing efficiency, prolonging health, and overall an improvement in ease of living, there are hidden negatives of technology that are often overlooked. Additionally, this topic also covers how the definition of technology has changed throughout time. While the issue of technological reliance has been present throughout history, technology in the sixteenth century looks very different from technology today, and recognizing that is vital; that recognition teaches us how fluid and ever changing technology truly is. Finding a pattern of the impacts of technological innovations throughout history can help the human race to avoid becoming too reliant on technology.

My plan for constructing my essay is to work chronologically, starting with the debate between geocentrism and heliocentrism which involved astronomers such as Aristotle and Copernicus. Then, I will move through history, looking at a multitude of the subjects we covered in class, moving on to Darwin and the theory of evolution, while still focusing on how this advancement in science affected society as a whole. I will then elaborate on the Scientific Revolution, using sources such as Scientific Revolution by Steven Shapin to gain insight on how the Scientific Revolution was perceived at the time by the general public. I will also discuss the societal effect of Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, as it was a timeless novel that focused on the dangers of technology, an issue that is still present today. I also plan on researching and describing the effects of the assembly line, a movement in the early 20th century that forever affected production and the qualifications of a worker. After that, I will talk about scientific advancements/dilemmas we face today, like space travel, ageing, and more. I will use the source, or a source similar to, Science, Technology, and the Ageing Society by Tiago Moreira to learn more about ethical problems created by technology. Finally, I will conclude the paper by forming a pattern based on everything I discussed previously in the paper. I intend on using that pattern to point out a common theme between all of the technological advancements mentioned, thus forming a strong argument for why scientific innovations can become harmful.

Research Proposal

Question: Is going into space crucial for scientific development? If so, how could this interstellar research help to better science, technology, and society as a whole?

Thesis: Researching outside of our planet is crucial for scientific development, as the knowledge and information that we gain from interstellar research will help to improve technology and society back on Earth.

Paragraph/Idea 1: Scientific research in general helps to better our understanding of ourselves, as well as the world around us. When performing research, scientists must ask a question to start, and then their thesis or hypothesis is in response to that question. Once they have a hypothesis then they are ready to start making observations, or performing the lab to collect data. The data that is taken during these labs is later analyzed, and certain conclusions can be made regarding the initial question or hypothesis. Sometimes, however, the hypothesis will be refuted by the data, in which case another study must be performed to fix the lab and collect accurate findings. This overall process of performing the labs and collecting data has led to our entire understanding of the universe and the things it contains.

 

Paragraph/Idea 2: From the beginning of the space race, people have been fascinated with the universe outside of our planet. The initial race to the moon held audiences captive for hours, and inspired entire generations of scientists. Many kids wanted to take up the study of science after watching men land on the moon in 1969. Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong have become national heroes, and they are looked up to even today for their bravery and curiosity, as well as their passion for bettering our understanding of the universe. Men like this, as well as all of the astronauts who have come before and after them have helped to pave the way for space exploration. This idea of leaving Earth and travelling to new worlds has always fascinated me, and has fueled my love of physics and astronomy. There are so many parts of our universe that are yet to be studied, and the only way to do so is by continuing our research, and creating bigger and better telescopes that are capable of unveiling the secrets hidden in the cosmos.

 

Paragraph/Idea 3: The knowledge that we obtain from studying our galaxy and the universe around helps to improve science, technology, and society back on Earth. Science is improved because we learn about new phenomena that can affect even our planet. An example of new phenomena being observed is when scientists were able to observe gravitational waves for the first time. Previously, these waves were only a theory, and there had been no way of directly finding or measuring such breathtaking phenomena. With the improvement of new technology comes new findings, however, and the collision of two black holes millions of lightyears away was able to be observed and studied back on Earth. This was able to confirm the theories that had already existed, and it also led to new questions that must now be studied more in depth in the future.

Many times throughout history, technology has been improved or developed through the need for its use in space. Technologies such as this include camera phones, scratch resistant lenses, freeze-dried food, and many more. When going into space, cameras are required to observe astronauts performing their required tasks. Since the shuttles taken into space must be as light as possible, cameras were designed to be incredibly small and compact. These small cameras led to the type found in our cell phones, which must be small in order to fit into the palm of our hands. Scratch resistant lenses came about through the desired need for astronauts to be able to look out the window during flight. In order for this to be the case, glass was designed to withstand the effects of being in a vacuum, as well as being constantly bombarded by high-speed particles hurtling through space. This newly designed glass can now be seen in many types of glasses, making them stronger for everyday wear. Finally, freeze-dried food is the easiest to store when going on long trips into space, and this food can now be found in supermarkets worldwide for a source of a quick snack. Space travel has influenced the designs of many other products and companies, and its impacts can be seen worldwide in our society, technology, and culture as a whole.

Sources:

https://planetsave.com/2009/07/26/top-5-reasons-why-space-exploration-is-important-for-the-world/

https://www.nasa.gov/missions/solarsystem/Why_We_01pt1.html

https://www.space.com/2481-space-exploration-important-united-states.html

https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/infographics/infographic.view.php?id=11358

 

Research Proposal: Modern Medicine helping Third World Countries

Question: What can first world nations do to aid poor countries in battling diseases and pathogens with modern medicine?

How can modern medicine and technology from first world nations help in battling diseases and pathogens that present danger to poor countries across the world?

Introduction

Imagine a world in which all people, no matter what ethnicity, religion, or culture were ready and able to battle disease and life-threatening ailments.  Continue reading

Research Proposal- Climate Change and the Two Cultures

C.P. Snow’s identified philosophical divide between scientists and what he terms “literary humanists” has been the basis for many methods of education. The attempts to bridge the gap have included new ways of teaching, a “third culture,” and even Snow himself. However, I propose that recently a new potential bridge between the cultures has emerged: a common problem. Because the effects of climate change apply to everyone inhabiting the Earth, the two cultures have been and continue to be forced to collaborate in order to make any progress towards universal use of sustainable technology and practices. Continue reading

Research Proposal – Climate Change and Agriculture

The Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture in the United States

Introduction

Climate change is the the most pressing issue on human life. Ranging from deforestation and the extinction of wildlife, the increasing temperature of the earth poses a wide range of difficulties. For my research paper, I will be scrutinizing the relationship between climate change and agriculture in the United States. The U.S. economy is heavily dependent on crops such as tobacco, corn, and cotton. With more than $330 billion coming from agriculture, the food industry heavily supports job availability and economic development. As greenhouse gases are released into the atmosphere, the reliable food supply of the U.S is jeopardized. It is imperative to study such risks in order to react effectively and efficiently. The question I will be answering is: How will climate change affect the agriculture and economy of the United States?

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Research Proposal

Telemedicine: Bridging the Gap Between Healthcare Services and Rural Communities

Introduction

Every summer break, I travel to the outskirts of Singamaneni Palli, where I am greeted by my grandmother with big hugs and warm smiles. Singamaneni Palli appears to outsiders as a typical village, but in reality it has been stuck in a vicious cycle of poverty for decades. One of the major problems facing the village is that of healthcare. With no hospital in the village, access to medical care in emergency situations is nearly impossible. The nearest hospital is more than 50 km away in a neighboring village, but is often overcrowded with patients desperate for medical care and not enough doctors or resources to provide it.

The issue of healthcare remains a long-standing problem in many areas of the world. While efforts have been made to improve access to and affordability of healthcare services, there are still many communities, such my grandmother’s village, where progress is difficult to attain due to various social, economic and political circumstances. However, the development of Telemedicine has begun to revolutionize the standard of care patients are receiving in the underdeveloped and underserved communities. Telemedicine allows healthcare providers to evaluate, diagnose and treat patients using modern technology and telecommunications. The evolving field allows virtual communication between the patient and medical provider, thereby removing distance barriers and improving access to medical services that would otherwise not be available in remote, rural communities.

The purpose of this study is to examine the extent to which Telemedicine has improved access to healthcare in rural and underdeveloped areas, taking into consideration the advantages and disadvantages of the system. My analysis will then allow me to draw broader conclusions about how the integration of technology impacts underserved communities in both positive and negative ways. Based on these goals, the question I ultimately to address is the following: To what extent has Telemedicine revolutionized the standard of care that people in rural and underdeveloped communities receive?  

General Outline

Paragraph 1: Introduction to Telemedicine

In this paragraph, I will start with an introduction to Telemedicine. I will discuss the history of the system, including where it started and how it has evolved over time. I will provide a formal definition of the word and provide a few examples of how it has been used in the past. I will end this paragraph with the purpose of my study and my thesis statement.

Paragraph 2: Case Studies

In this paragraph, I will use real-life examples to describe how Telemedicine has been implemented in rural/underdeveloped communities around the world.

Paragraph 3: Advantages of the System

In this paragraph, I will analyze the advantages of the system based on the case studies discussed in Paragraph 2, as well as the information I obtain from my other sources.

Paragraph 4: Disadvantages of the System

In this paragraph, I will analyze the disadvantages of the system based on the case studies discussed in Paragraph 2, as well as the information I obtain from my other sources.

Paragraph 5: Analysis of the Effectiveness of the System

Based on my analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of the system, I will draw conclusions regarding the effectiveness of the system in serving its ultimate purpose. I will weigh both the benefits and drawbacks, with support from my sources, in order to take a stance on the topic.

Paragraph 6: Broader Analysis of Integration of Technology in Underdeveloped Areas

Using my research on how Telemedicine has shaped the care people in rural and underdeveloped areas receive, I will make broader claims about how technology (in a general sense) has an impact on these communities.

Paragraph 7: The Future of Telemedicine/Access to Medical Care in Rural Areas & Conclusion

With an increased understanding of how technology impacts underdeveloped communities through my own research, I will draw conclusions about what this means for the future of medical care in underdeveloped areas. I ultimately hope to tie all aspects of my paper together to address the “Now What?” question in an effort to gain an understanding of how this topic is both a relevant and pressing issue in today’s digital era. 

Possible Sources

Bashshur, Rashid et al. Telemedicine. C.C. Thomas, 1997.

Bauer J.C. and Ringel M.A. Telemedicine and the Reinvention of Healthcare. McGraw-Hill, New York, 1999.

Darkins A.W. and Cary M.A. Telemedicine and Telehealth: Principles, Policies, Performance, and Pitfalls. Springer, London, 2000.  

Geyman, John P et al. Textbook Of Rural Medicine. Mcgraw-Hill, 2001.

Rhoads, CJ. Telehealth In Rural Hospitals: Lessons Learned From Pennsylvania. CRC, 2015.

Wachter, Robert M. The Digital Doctor: Hope, Hype, and Harm at the Dawn of Medicine’s Computer Age. 2015.

World Health Organization. Telemedicine: Opportunities And Developments In Member States. World Health Organization, Geneva, 2010. http://www.who.int/goe/publications/goe_telemedicine_2010.pdf

 

Research Proposal

In my first year writing class “landscape and place”, we studied how the natural environment correlates with wealth and learned about the concept of “environmental racism”. For example, higher class people tend to live in scenic areas with more trees, while lower class people tend to live in urban areas. I thought that studying the societal impacts of this so-called “environmental racism” would make for a great research topic in this class. For my topic, I wanted to focus upon a storied community that I know of first-hand and that piqued my curiosity during my time living nearby.

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