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How Governmental Ideologies Shape Scientific Culture

The relationship between science and its place in governmental institutions is a topic that is often overlooked, but an important one to consider when assessing scientific progress within countries. The government plays a fundamental and crucial role in scientific developments, as the majority of funding for scientific research, multi-million dollar science facilities and all other laboratory equipment comes directly from the government. Governmental values, whether they follow a democratic ideology, communist ideology etc, are ultimately what control how science operates within an institution. But is there one governmental system or ideology that is more favorable with regards to the progress of science?

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The Perpetuation of the Gender Gap in STEM Fields

Within the last few decades, there has been an enormous push to increase the number of women in STEM fields. This is largely a result of the rise of today’s digital age where technological and scientific industries have started to dominate the labor market, thereby exponentially increasing the number of STEM-related jobs available. Despite these countless opportunities, why do men continue to dominate fields such as medicine and computer science?

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War & Its Role in Defining Scientific Purpose

Science and technology have transformed the way in which we approach some of the biggest issues we face in today’s world, including that of national security. Technological advancements in recent decades have undoubtedly shaped our approaches to war, particularly with regards to the means of warfare. Spears, bows and arrows have been replaced with atomic bombs, nuclear weapons and missiles thereby revolutionizing the concept of war. However, the often overlooked aspect of this transformation is its impacts on the field of science itself. The demand for more advanced war equipment and tighter national security has shifted the rhetoric of the scientific field, providing it with a newfound sense of purpose and identity.

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Research Proposal

Telemedicine: Bridging the Gap Between Healthcare Services and Rural Communities

Introduction

Every summer break, I travel to the outskirts of Singamaneni Palli, where I am greeted by my grandmother with big hugs and warm smiles. Singamaneni Palli appears to outsiders as a typical village, but in reality it has been stuck in a vicious cycle of poverty for decades. One of the major problems facing the village is that of healthcare. With no hospital in the village, access to medical care in emergency situations is nearly impossible. The nearest hospital is more than 50 km away in a neighboring village, but is often overcrowded with patients desperate for medical care and not enough doctors or resources to provide it.

The issue of healthcare remains a long-standing problem in many areas of the world. While efforts have been made to improve access to and affordability of healthcare services, there are still many communities, such my grandmother’s village, where progress is difficult to attain due to various social, economic and political circumstances. However, the development of Telemedicine has begun to revolutionize the standard of care patients are receiving in the underdeveloped and underserved communities. Telemedicine allows healthcare providers to evaluate, diagnose and treat patients using modern technology and telecommunications. The evolving field allows virtual communication between the patient and medical provider, thereby removing distance barriers and improving access to medical services that would otherwise not be available in remote, rural communities.

The purpose of this study is to examine the extent to which Telemedicine has improved access to healthcare in rural and underdeveloped areas, taking into consideration the advantages and disadvantages of the system. My analysis will then allow me to draw broader conclusions about how the integration of technology impacts underserved communities in both positive and negative ways. Based on these goals, the question I ultimately to address is the following: To what extent has Telemedicine revolutionized the standard of care that people in rural and underdeveloped communities receive?  

General Outline

Paragraph 1: Introduction to Telemedicine

In this paragraph, I will start with an introduction to Telemedicine. I will discuss the history of the system, including where it started and how it has evolved over time. I will provide a formal definition of the word and provide a few examples of how it has been used in the past. I will end this paragraph with the purpose of my study and my thesis statement.

Paragraph 2: Case Studies

In this paragraph, I will use real-life examples to describe how Telemedicine has been implemented in rural/underdeveloped communities around the world.

Paragraph 3: Advantages of the System

In this paragraph, I will analyze the advantages of the system based on the case studies discussed in Paragraph 2, as well as the information I obtain from my other sources.

Paragraph 4: Disadvantages of the System

In this paragraph, I will analyze the disadvantages of the system based on the case studies discussed in Paragraph 2, as well as the information I obtain from my other sources.

Paragraph 5: Analysis of the Effectiveness of the System

Based on my analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of the system, I will draw conclusions regarding the effectiveness of the system in serving its ultimate purpose. I will weigh both the benefits and drawbacks, with support from my sources, in order to take a stance on the topic.

Paragraph 6: Broader Analysis of Integration of Technology in Underdeveloped Areas

Using my research on how Telemedicine has shaped the care people in rural and underdeveloped areas receive, I will make broader claims about how technology (in a general sense) has an impact on these communities.

Paragraph 7: The Future of Telemedicine/Access to Medical Care in Rural Areas & Conclusion

With an increased understanding of how technology impacts underdeveloped communities through my own research, I will draw conclusions about what this means for the future of medical care in underdeveloped areas. I ultimately hope to tie all aspects of my paper together to address the “Now What?” question in an effort to gain an understanding of how this topic is both a relevant and pressing issue in today’s digital era. 

Possible Sources

Bashshur, Rashid et al. Telemedicine. C.C. Thomas, 1997.

Bauer J.C. and Ringel M.A. Telemedicine and the Reinvention of Healthcare. McGraw-Hill, New York, 1999.

Darkins A.W. and Cary M.A. Telemedicine and Telehealth: Principles, Policies, Performance, and Pitfalls. Springer, London, 2000.  

Geyman, John P et al. Textbook Of Rural Medicine. Mcgraw-Hill, 2001.

Rhoads, CJ. Telehealth In Rural Hospitals: Lessons Learned From Pennsylvania. CRC, 2015.

Wachter, Robert M. The Digital Doctor: Hope, Hype, and Harm at the Dawn of Medicine’s Computer Age. 2015.

World Health Organization. Telemedicine: Opportunities And Developments In Member States. World Health Organization, Geneva, 2010. http://www.who.int/goe/publications/goe_telemedicine_2010.pdf

 

Science Communication: The Coexistence of Science and Literature

The introduction of technology in the twenty-first century has undoubtedly led to the domination of science in all aspects of society. Our everyday lives have been characterized and revolutionized by these technological advancements. Tools like smartphones and smartwatches have fulfilled our biggest needs and desires, making our lives easier, better and more enjoyable. But does this dominance present as a threat to other realms, such as literature, which were once highly regarded as an integral part of society?

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Darwin & The Power of Observation

Charles Darwin is known to be one of the most influential people in science for his contributions to evolutionary biology and the theory of evolution. However, insight into his life led me to discover that scientists preceding him had already begun to coin the basis for his theory. So why is Darwin’s contribution much more prominent than the others?

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The Not-So-Scientific Revolution

Initially, when prompted with assignment of defining the scientific revolution, I thought it to be an easy task. The scientific revolution has a practically universal definition: a period marked by discoveries and advancements within the scientific community that shifted the paradigm and laid the foundation for modern day science. However, after reading Shapin’s The Scientific Revolution and gaining insight into the history behind these discoveries, I began to question my own understanding of the topic. A question that persisted throughout my exploration: To what extent was the Scientific Revolution truly scientific?

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