The global wars of the 20th Century formed the identities of the nations involved in the warfare. Specifically, the introduction of chemical and nuclear warfare propelled the United States into a period of immense progress in scientific research. Thinkers from around the world congregated to develop weapons that would inflict an impressive amount of damage. Though the direct consequences of such innovations resulted in widespread death, the impacts of discovering new technologies were beneficial towards the future of science.

The Manhattan Project of WWII was a program developed by the United States to beat the axis powers in creating nuclear warfare. The legacy of the Manhattan Project is impressive. Great advances in physics, engineering, nuclear energy, and nuclear medicine took place. The eventual use of nuclear weapons on civilian cities has caused a wide range of debates and conflicts. Nonetheless, the project itself was an incredible achievement that saw the fusion of military and scientific development.