Scientific knowledge is separate from culture, however it does not have any special status. Science differs from culture simply in the research aspect of it. In the scientific world, research is a major aspect in every field of study. When performing research, a scientist must design a hypothesis and experiment to determine some natural phenomenon or how it works. This simple act alone of designing an experiment is what separates science from cultural aspects. The data collected by scientists, as well as the conclusions they reach connect them to the cultural and non-scientific world, however.┬áThe results of certain experiments are shared with the general population, which is the bridge between science and non-science cultures. These conclusions that are reached by certain scientists are shared, and they can affect the way people all over the world perceive our universe. The findings can also impact people’s beliefs, and the way they view the world around them.

An example of this is when astronomers are searching for new planets or exoplanets. The scientists are doing research, scouring the night sky via telescope to search for any signs of new stars that may have planets orbiting them. Once a new star has been located, then scientists check the star’s “habitable zone”. This is simply a region of space close enough to the star so that the planet will not be too hot or too cold for life to possibly form. Once a planet is discovered to be in this zone, then the planet itself is studied. If the planet seems to have characteristics similar to Earth, such as the same size and atmosphere, as well as the possibility of water, then it can be determined that there may be life on this far-away planet. Astronomers have found countless planets located in the habitable regions of their stars, however they are all much too far to reach with the technology we have now here on Earth.

Once planets such as Kepler-186f have been discovered, then scientists can share their discovery with the public, showing how life on other planets is entirely possible. This was the first exoplanet that was discovered and resembled Earth, with its location in the habitable zone and its rocky surface. When people learn of planets possibly like our own that may be able to host life, it can completely alter their perspective of the universe. Scientists are constantly able to challenge our idea of the impossible, and research being performed today holds no exception. The bridge created by scientists help to unify the scientific world with the non-scientific, which demonstrates the idea of two cultures coming together to understand and appreciate general knowledge. This knowledge affects the entire population of people on Earth, so it only makes sense for many different people in many different areas of study to be informed on these new ideas and discoveries.