Not only did Darwin’s, The Origin of Species, have an incredible scientific impact, but it also had far reaching societal consequences. While conducting experiments, Charles Darwin’s, goal was to improve human understanding of science, his theory had ramifications that challenged religious views across the globe. 

The belief in creationism is that, God sculpted the animal kingdom perfectly according to his plan. This concept was understood as truth by fundamental Christians. Darwin’s theory directly challenged, creationism, and caused many people to question what they originally believed about their religion. He said that, species evolved over time, and what made this evolution possible was mutation. From generation to generation, mutations that aided an animal in survival, would be passed on through reproduction, while traits that did not benefit species would die out. Darwin observed this process of adaptation among, species that were located on different islands. He realized they were very similar, but adopted characteristics that allowed them to thrive in their new living space. The theory does not stop there, however, not only can species evolve into modified versions of themselves, they can also change so significantly that they become a completely different type of animal.

The introduction of the idea, that living creatures likely evolved from themselves, instead of being created by God, caused a big uproar among members of the Christian community. Eventually, evolution became more widely accepted than creationism. This is significant because it marks an important moment of separation between the Church and science. Throughout history these two practices were connected, and truths had been accepted on a religious basis. Unfortunately, this undermines a key principle of science, that a concept must be proved through observation and experiment. Darwin’s theory of evolution helped to facilitate the necessary distinction between science and religion.