The scientific revolution marked a time where pseudo-science was no longer accepted truth. For thousands of years, philosophers such as Aristotle and Socrates hypothesized about the modern world, developed theories, and if their ideas gained traction they would later be accepted as truth. After the Scientific Revolution, in order to claim a phenomenon as fact,  observable evidence was needed rather than a simple hypothesis.

Due to Christianity being the prominent religion in Europe during the 16th Christian beliefs in European society, many believed that our natural world was influenced by God. Instead of believing in a set of natural-born characteristics that govern our universe, there was a common belief that supernatural powers created and dictated our cosmos.

One of the pioneers of the Scientific Revolution that helped to dispel some of those incorrect beliefs was named Galileo. For thousands of years, the geocentric model, or the idea that the earth was at the center of our universe, was considered fact. The basis for this theory was that God had created our universe, and since humans were the subjects of God, earth belonged in the center. Centuries leading up to 1600’s, the geocentric model was modified several times in order to have it align with new understandings of physics. Today, as we look back on these modifications it appears that scholars were doing whatever it took to find ways to support geocentricism. The reason for this is that, if the geocentric model was proven incorrect, it would raise questions about religious beliefs that had been around for milennia. Galileo was able to deduct, using mathematics, advanced telescopes, and keen observation, that the earth was in fact orbiting the sun, and not the other way around.

Galileo’s idea was controversial and revolutionary, and I believe it marks a transformation in the way our society approached science. The understanding of the heliocentric model (where the sun is at the center of our galaxy), signifies a separation of the church and scientific endeavors. While both religion and science can coexist successfully, the two practices do not belong together. Galileo and other pioneers of the scientific revolution, help allow this transition to take place and their work has helped humans better understand their place in this complex world.