What is known as the scientific revolution took place in the sixteenth and seventeenth century. However, it was not a true revolution in all senses of the word. Instead, it was scientists breaking the metaphorical religious chains that were holding science back. 

Previous to the scientific revolution, science regarding the placement of Earth in the universe was restricted by views held by the heavily religious society. The common held belief for a long time was that the Earth was the centre of the universe and that all the planets revolved around it. This is because God had created the universe and humans were children of God, therefore it follows that the Earth should be the center of the universe. It was an important moment when Copernicus began to challenge this theory with the heliocentric model. It represented a challenge of the authority of God and the Catholic church. A similar questioning of God’s control of the natural world was made by Isaac Newton with his theory of gravity. Newton relied on mathematical principals to explain why the apple falls from the tree. God was thought to be in control of all forces of nature, so a mathematical explanation for an occurrence in nature was in direct opposition to beliefs held by the church. In both instances, while their ideas were not entirely new, the scientists decided to confront deeply held ideas instead of obeying the religious authority. Their choice to challenge the relationship between religion and science is why the time period became known as a revolution.

The scientific revolution, as it were, is still an important time in history. Not because of important scientific discoveries, but because scientists started to detangle the web of science and religion. By removing religion from the equation, science became more based in fact and quantitative reasoning. This shift opened science up to so many scientific discoveries about the natural world.  Without religion holding it back, scientific knowledge about the natural world knew no bounds.