The Scientific Revolution is thought to be comprised of major developments in practically every field of science.

From physics to astronomy and from biology to mathematics, there seemed to be an advancement in theory that influenced the societal way of thinking. This preconception of the scientific revolution is misleading, however. The “commonly conceived” scientific revolution started with the achievements of Copernicus and Galileo in establishing the heliocentric solar system model. Previously, scholars, the church and commoners all suggested that the earth was at the center of the universe. Galileo used venus to establish his heliocentric view. He found that, when looking through a telescope, venus went through similar phases to the moon. While today we know he was right, his observations and experiments received criticism from the church and from society as a whole. As society began to accept the theories of scientists like Galileo,  the “scientific revolution” was really most a change in thought that was coupled with the exploration of different cultural phenomenon during the discovery of the new world and the greater questioning of the church’s role in society. This change of thought still impacts society today. As Newton and Leibniz developed calculus, which is used at some point in just about every scientific study,  scientists were constantly creating inventions and making discoveries that dramatically  increased the quality of every day life. James Watt made the steam engine cost effective and far more efficient. Louis Pasteur’s sanitary process for milk and development of a rabies vaccine saved and continues to save millions of lives.