The term “science” is one that is used loosely, however few people understand the true meaning behind the word.

Science is an umbrella term used to denote many different fields of study. While different fields focus on different aspects of the world, science itself remains constant throughout. Science is the study of the world through observation, hypotheses, data collection, and data analysis. No matter what field a person may be studying, these ideas hold true for each.

As stated by Nye, “Discovery commences with the awareness of an anomaly…It then continues with a more or less extended ¬†exploration of the area of anomaly”. This suggests that science is based off of the curiosity of people. When a person observes something that seems out of place to them, human nature allows them to investigate deeper into the issue, or anomaly. This idea of identifying a problem, then doing research into it and how to fix it falls parallel to the work of many scientists. While there might not always be an obvious issue involved, scientists are able to pick out something that intrigues them and do some deeper research into this idea.

Research may take many forms, however an example of this is astronomers. Looking through a telescope is the main way that astronomers are able to identify a specific anomaly. If a star appears fascinating to them, it is second nature to do more investigation into this celestial body. The magnitude of brightness, type of star, and location in the sky are all properties than can only be learned through careful observation. Telescopes such as the Hubble Space Telescope cost upwards of $50,000 per hour of use, and only accept 10-15% of the people who request to use them. This means that scientists must have a plan and backup plan ready for their hour of observation. In science, a plan for how the observation or research will be taking place is vital to the success of the scientist.

Curiosity acts as an intrinsic motivator in the lives of every human being. Even small concepts such as testing a cookie to see how it tastes requires the same ideas as scanning the night sky for new stars and galaxies. First, there must be a call to action, or a reason that has motivated the person to conduct their study. Second, there must be a carefully designed plan in place for how the research will be conducted. Third, the research is conducted. Finally, the data taken during the study is analyzed, and a conclusion can be made regarding the initial issue or point of inquiry. This process is one used by every type of scientist in every field of study, and it is how we have learned everything that we know today about our universe.