Overview of Research

My primary research interests are in the areas of memory and language – specifically, how semantic and episodic memory interact to influence information processing. Over a lifetime of experience, the human cognitive system acquires a vast amount of information, which is stored in semantic memory. This semantic knowledge includes our understanding of the world, thousands of facts, and our mental lexicon (or dictionary).

My current research focuses on three inter-related questions. First, it is important to understand how the information in semantic stores is organized (Balota & Coane, 2008) and what factors influence how and when we can access specific items (e.g., Coane & Balota, 2009, 2010, 2011; Coane et al., 2015). Second, I examine how pre-existing knowledge influences new learning, often resulting in distortions or errors (e.g., Coane & McBride, 2006; Coane et al., 2007; Huff et al., 2012; Coane et al. 2014). A third line of research involves examining what study strategies and techniques result in the most effective long-term retention (Coane, 2013).

In my research, I test younger and healthy older adults, to understand how these cognitive processes change across the lifespan. As we age, certain aspects of memory, primarily those dependent on controlled processing, tend to decline, whereas general knowledge, language skills, and automatic processes are preserved. Thus, a developmental approach allows me to examine changes in memory as a function of age while also providing a means of testing theoretical accounts of different cognitive phenomena.

If you are interested in participating or would like more information, click here. If you are interested in working in the lab as a research assistant, please click here.

Colby students, click here to sign up for experiments via SONA. We are always recruiting students to participate in our studies! You do not have to be a psychology major (or even have taken a psychology course). For some studies, you may earn $5-15.

To see the available times and sign up, go to the Colby SONA website. If you have not created an account in the past, click on “Request Account.” These experiments are open to the entire student body.

Please check additional requirements and eligibility for each experiment. Email memorylanguage@gmail.com if you have questions!