Articles and Chapters

Selected Publications


Continental Philosophy


Phenomenology and Being-In-Itself in Hartmann’s Ontology: Laying The Foundations


Horizon: Studies in Phenomenology, 2019


Was Nicolai Hartmann a phenomenologist? Answering this question has become more important in the context of debates over new realisms in Continental philosophy.


Nicolai Hartmann and Recent Realisms


Axiomathes Special Issue: Nicolai Hartmann: Reality, Modality, and Value, 2017


Some contemporary philosophers have called for a ” new realism ” in philosophical ontology. Hartmann’s works provide some of the richest resources upon which recent realists might draw for both inspiration and argument.


Flat, Hierarchical, or Stratified? Determination and Dependence in Social-Natural Ontology


New Research on the Philosophy of Nicolai Hartmann, 2016


Despite its apparent straightforwardness, Hartmann’s conception of ontological strata is often misunderstood.


Scenes of Disagreement: Nicolai Hartmann between Phenomenological Ontology and Speculative Realism


Early Phenomenology, Brian Harding and Michael Kelly, eds., 2014


“The world is not a correlate of anything.” (Hartmann)


Nicolai Hartmann’s Philosophy of Nature: Realist Ontology and Philosophical Anthropology


Scripta Philosophia Naturalis, Jun 2012


One significant thinker who developed a philosophy of nature that is both realist and inherently pluralistic is the long-neglected 20th century German philosopher Nicolai Hartmann. His nature philosophy is grounded in his “critical ontology” and theory of the “stratified” structure of the real world.


An Introduction to Nicolai Hartmann’s Critical Ontology


Axiomathes , 2012


Nicolai Hartmann contributed significantly to the revitalization of the discipline of ontology in the early twentieth century. Developing a systematic, post-Kantian critical ontology ‘this side’ of idealism and realism, he subverted the widespread impression that philosophy must either exhaust itself in foundationalist epistemology or engage in system-building metaphysical excess. This essay provides an introduction to Hartmann’s approach in light of the recent translation of his early essay ‘How is Critical Ontology Possible?’ (1923) In it Hartmann criticizes both the pretensions of epistemology as well as the principal errors of classical ontology, and he proposes a series of correctives that lead to his development of a highly original and elaborate stratified categorial ontology.



Environmental Philosophy

Stratification, Dependence, and Nonanthropocentrism: Nicolai Hartmann’s Critical Ontology


Ontology of Nature: Continental Perspectives and Environmental Reorientations, 2017


Explains the significance of Hartmann’s ontology for environmental philosophy. Originally written in 2012.


Ecosystem Services, Nonhuman Agencies, and Diffuse Dependence


Environmental Philosophy, 2012


This paper is a preliminary treatment of the categories of agency and dependence in the context of ecosystem services discourse. These categories are discussed in terms of critical categorial ontology in order to articulate adequately the nature of humankind’s dependence upon the nonhuman natural world, inadequately captured by ecosystem services  discourse. 


Bringing Values Down to Earth: Max Scheler and Environmental Philosophy


Appraisal: The Journal of the Society for Post-Critical and Personalist Studies, Re-Appraisal: Max Scheler , 2011


Scheler’s  philosophical  anthropology  and  value theory provide rich resources for current discourses in  environmental  philosophy.  It  is  argued  that  his pluralist  value-ethical  framework  offers  a  novel perspective  on  current  debates  over  the  ‘nature  of value  and  the  value  of  nature’  in  contemporary environmental  ethics. 


From Ecological Politics to Intrinsic Value: An Examination of Kovel’s Value Theory


Capitalism Nature Socialism, 2010


As the first sustained engagement with these aspects of Kovel’s work, this essay maps out the terrain and highlights some significant features of the landscape. It also brings Kovel’s value theory into dialogue with the lively debates in environmental ethics about the nature of value and the value of nature.


All That We Are: Philosophical Anthropology and Ecophilosophy


Cosmos & History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy, 2010


Ecophilosophers have long argued that addressing the environmental crisis not only demands reassessing the ethical aspects of human and nature relations, but also prevailing theories of human nature. Philosophical anthropology has historically taken this as its calling, and its resources may be profitably utilized in the context of ecophilosophy.