During the cold war era, the space race between the US and the Soviet Union was one of the most dramatic displays of rapid human innovation. Since nasa’s creation in 1958, many technologies originally designed for space have been adapted for public and commercial use for products on earth. Artificial limbs, cordless tools, solar panels, water filters, and CAT scans are just a few of the inventions we use. In the 1950s, certain illustrations were created that depicted what space travel may be like. Essentially, the space station would be a hub for further space travel. Space expeditions would be huge endeavors that involved no fewer than 100 people. But the question remains, why does space travel have to involve humans? Why can’t robots be a replacement? Robots have been depicted as ‘Human Helpers’ or ‘threats,’ but robots haven’t really been described in any other way. In reality, the majority of space exploration has been accomplished by robots: voyager 1 and 2, mars exploration. What is great about robotic exploration is robots are sent on suicide missions – they don’t need to be recovered. Robots are designed for one purpose, and that is to collect data. Mars is the last serious, near-term application for human spaceflight.